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Repeated inoculation of cattle rumen with bison rumen contents alters the rumen microbiome and improves nitrogen digestibility in cattle

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dc.contributor.author Ribeiro, Gabriel O.
dc.contributor.author Oss, Daniela B.
dc.contributor.author He, Zhixiong
dc.contributor.author Gruninger, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Elekwachi, Chijioke
dc.contributor.author Forster, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Yang, WenZhu
dc.contributor.author Beauchemin, Karen A.
dc.contributor.author McAllister, Tim A.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-26T09:54:14Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-26T09:54:14Z
dc.date.issued 2017-04-28
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01269-3
dc.identifier.uri http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/12410
dc.description.abstract Future growth in demand for meat and milk, and the socioeconomic and environmental challenges that farmers face, represent a “grand challenge for humanity”. Improving the digestibility of crop residues such as straw could enhance the sustainability of ruminant production systems. Here, we investigated if transfer of rumen contents from bison to cattle could alter the rumen microbiome and enhance total tract digestibility of a barley straw-based diet. Beef heifers were adapted to the diet for 28 days prior to the experiment. After 46 days, ~70 percent of rumen contents were removed from each heifer and replaced with mixed rumen contents collected immediately after slaughter from 32 bison. This procedure was repeated 14 days later. Intake, chewing activity, total tract digestibility, ruminal passage rate, ruminal fermentation, and the bacterial and protozoal communities were examined before the first and after the second transfer. Overall, inoculation with bison rumen contents successfully altered the cattle rumen microbiome and metabolism, and increased protein digestibility and nitrogen retention, but did not alter fiber digestibility. en
dc.format pdf pt-BR
dc.language.iso eng pt-BR
dc.publisher Scientific Reports pt-BR
dc.relation.ispartofseries 7: 1276, April 2017 pt-BR
dc.rights Open Access pt-BR
dc.subject Repeated inoculation pt-BR
dc.subject Rumen pt-BR
dc.title Repeated inoculation of cattle rumen with bison rumen contents alters the rumen microbiome and improves nitrogen digestibility in cattle en
dc.type Artigo pt-BR


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  • Artigos [1788]
    Artigos Técnico-científicos na área de Zootecnia

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