Diversity and flower-visiting rates of bee species as potential pollinators of melon (Cucumis melo L.) in the Brazilian Cerrado

Show simple item record Oliveira, Eugenio Eduardo de Tschoeke, Paulo Henrique Dalcin, Mateus Sunti Santos, Gil Rodrigues Silveira-Tschoeke, Marcela Cristina A. C. 2019-01-03T14:31:02Z 2019-01-03T14:31:02Z 2015-04-21
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4238
dc.description.abstract Although bees are important pollinators in many ecosystems worldwide, studies on bee diversity and their contribution to pollination of commercial plants in the Brazilian Cerrado (savannah-like biome) are scarce. The Cerrado biome covers approximately 23% of Brazil and is one of the world's most important agricultural frontiers. Here, we conducted field experiments in the Brazilian Cerrado to evaluate the diversity of bees, their foraging behaviors and flower visiting periods, and their potential contribution to the performance of six melon (Cucumis melo L.) cultivars. Five bee species (Apis mellifera, Halictus sp., Plebeia sp., Trigona pallens, and T. spinipes) were recorded visiting both male and hermaphrodite flower types of all C. melo cultivars. Whereas A. mellifera showed two peaks of flower visitation (an intense first one between 8:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. and a second less intense one after 4:00 p.m.), all other bee species visited the C. melo flowers only in the morning, with intensities and visitation peaks similar to those of A. mellifera. All of these bees collected nectar and pollen. Our results also indicated a moderate correlation between the intensity of bee visitation and fruit weight, demonstrating that all of these bees had the potential to pollinate C. melo and to influence its productivity. Except for the cultivar ‘Hibrix’, all the other cultivars showed economic feasibility and produced fruits of marketable sizes, with an estimated yield (over 25 tons/ha) in the range registered in other Brazilian regions en
dc.format pdf pt-BR
dc.language.iso eng pt-BR
dc.publisher Scientia Horticulturae pt-BR
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 186, Pages 207- 216, April 2015 pt-BR
dc.rights 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. pt-BR
dc.subject Wild bees pt-BR
dc.subject Halictus sp. pt-BR
dc.subject Plebeia sp. pt-BR
dc.subject Trigona sp. pt-BR
dc.subject Melon production pt-BR
dc.title Diversity and flower-visiting rates of bee species as potential pollinators of melon (Cucumis melo L.) in the Brazilian Cerrado en
dc.type Artigo pt-BR

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  • Entomologia [429]
    Teses e dissertações defendidas no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Entomologia

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