Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/14418
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Ethnopedology of a quilombola community in Minas Gerais: Soils, landscape, and land evaluation
Autor(es): Matuk, Fernanda Ayaviri
Schaefer, Carlos Ernesto Gonçalves Reynaud
Simas, Felipe Nogueira Bello
Pereira, Thiago Torres Costa
Gjorup, Davi Feital
Coelho, France Maria Gontijo
Abstract: Quilombolas are Afro-brazilian rural peasants who descended from escaped slaves who tried to carve out territories of autonomy (called Quilombos) by collective organization and resistance. Despite many anthropological and ethnopedological studies, little research has been carried out to identify the agricultural practices and the knowledge of people who live in the Quilombos (Quilombolas). Peasant communities who live from land resources have wide empirical knowledge related to local soils and landscapes. In this respect, ethnopedology focuses on their relationship with local practices, needs, and values. We carried out an ethnopedological evaluation of the soils, landscape and land suitability of the Malhada Grande Quilombola Territory, aiming to examine the local criteria involved in land-use decision making, and evaluate the legitimacy of local knowledge. For this purpose, participatory workshops allowed environmental stratification of the Quilombolas into landscape units, recognition of soil types, and evaluation of land-use criteria. This approach was combined with conventional soil sampling, description, and analysis. The Brazilian System of Soil Classification and its approximations to the WRB/FAO system and the SAAT land evaluation system were compared with the local classificatory systems, showing several convergences. The Quilombolas stratified the local environment into eight landscape units (based on soil, topography, and vegetation) and identified eight soil types with distinct morphological, chemical, and physical attributes. The conventional soil survey identified thirteen soil classes, in the same eight landscape units, organized as soil associations. The apparent contradictions between local knowledge and Pedology were relative since the classification systems were established based on different criteria, goals, and sampling references. Most soils are only suitable for pasture, with restricted agricultural use, due to water or oxygen deficiencies. The current land use was only inconsistent with the technical recommendations when socioecological constraints such as the semiarid climate, land availability, and economic conditions for land management led to overuse of the land. Local knowledge demonstrated its legitimacy and allowed a useful and fruitful exchange of information with the academic view of soil-landscape interplays. Although mostly unknown by the scientific community, local knowledge proved capable of achieving social welfare and food security. In addition, a participatory survey proved to be a core factor for more grounded and detailed data collection on how Quilombolas decide land use on a local scale.
Palavras-chave: Ethnopedology
Quilombo
Maroons
Participatory methods
Local knowledge
Editor: Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Tipo de Acesso: Open Access
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/18069657rbcs20160223
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/14418
Data do documento: 26-Set-2016
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