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Tipo: Artigo
Título: Cluster evaluation of Brazilian and Moroccan goat populations using physical measurements
Autor(es): Pires, Luanna Chácara
Machado, Théa Mírian Medeiros
Araújo, Adriana Mello de
Silva, João Batista Lopes da
Euclydes, Ricardo Frederico
Costa, Márcio da Silva
Olson, Timothy Aanen
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the genetic diversity of 12 populations of goats in Brazil and Morocco (n = 796) through the use of physical measurements and different multivariate techniques. Traits measured included wither height (WH), distance from the brisket to the ground (BH) and ear length (EL). The standardized Euclidean distance (D) was adopted. The D values were submitted to clustering analysis using hierarchical methods (from nearest neighbor and UPGMA - Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) and the numbers of clusters were analyzed using the Tocher optimization method. The population clustering was different depending on the method of analysis used. Among the hierarchical methods, UPGMA showed the best fit (CCC = 0.82). The Tocher method enabled the formation of four different clusters. Although the hierarchical and Tocher methods resulted in different cluster formations, both contributed to the interpretation of the genetic cluster divergence. The results obtained through UPGMA and Tocher optimization enable their use for future studies that may include a larger number of biometric variables on greater numbers of individuals and additional populations.
Palavras-chave: Biometry
Divergence genetic
Genetic resources
Zoometric indexes
Editor: Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo de Acesso: Open access
Data do documento: 25-Abr-2013
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