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Influence of aging on isometric muscle strength, fat-free mass and electromyographic signal power of the upper and lower limbs in women

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dc.contributor.author Amaral, Josária F.
dc.contributor.author Alvim, Felipe C.
dc.contributor.author Castro, Eliane A.
dc.contributor.author Doimo, Leonice A.
dc.contributor.author Silva, Marcus V.
dc.contributor.author Novo Júnior, José M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-12T17:28:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-12T17:28:27Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03-19
dc.identifier.issn 1809-9246
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-35552012005000145
dc.identifier.uri http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/14863
dc.description.abstract Aging is a multifactorial process that leads to changes in the quantity and quality of skeletal muscle and contributes to decreased levels of muscle strength. This study sought to investigate whether the isometric muscle strength, fat-free mass (FFM) and power of the electromyographic (EMG) signal of the upper and lower limbs of women are similarly affected by aging. The sample consisted of 63 women, who were subdivided into three groups (young (YO) n=33, 24.7±3.5 years; middle age (MA) n=15, 58.6±4.2 years; and older adults (OA). n=15, 72.0±4.2 years). Isometric strength was recorded simultaneously with the capture of the electrical activity of the flexor muscles of the fingers and the vastus lateralis during handgrip and knee extension tests, respectively. FFM was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The handgrip strength measurements were similar among groups (p=0.523), whereas the FFM of the upper limbs was lower in group OA compared to group YO (p=0.108). The RMSn values of the hand flexors were similar among groups (p=0.754). However, the strength of the knee extensors, the FFM of the lower limbs and the RMSn values of the vastus lateralis were lower in groups MA (p=0.014, p=0.006 and p=0.013, respectively) and OA (p=0.000, p=0.000 and p<0.000, respectively) compared to group YO. The results of this study demonstrate that changes in isometric muscle strength in MLG and electromyographic activity of the lower limbs are more pronounced with the aging process of the upper limb. en
dc.format pdf pt-BR
dc.language.iso eng pt-BR
dc.publisher Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy pt-BR
dc.relation.ispartofseries 18(2), p. 183-190, Mar.-Apr. 2014 pt-BR
dc.rights Open Access pt-BR
dc.subject Aging pt-BR
dc.subject Muscle strength pt-BR
dc.subject Electromyography pt-BR
dc.subject Rehabilitation pt-BR
dc.title Influence of aging on isometric muscle strength, fat-free mass and electromyographic signal power of the upper and lower limbs in women en
dc.type Artigo pt-BR


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  • Artigos [128]
    Artigos Técnico-científicos na área de Educação Física

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