Recovering lead from cupel waste generated in gold analysis by Pb-Fire assay

Show simple item record Cerceau, Cristiane Isaac Carvalho, Cornélio de Freitas Rabelo, Ana Carolina Silveira Santos, Cláudio Gouvea dos Gonçalves, Sabrina Mayra Dias Varejão, Eduardo Vinícius Vieira 2018-04-17T13:52:34Z 2018-04-17T13:52:34Z 2016-09-18
dc.identifier.issn 03014797
dc.description.abstract Because of its precision and accuracy, Pb-Fire assay is the most employed method for gold analysis in geological materials. At the second stage of the method, namely cupellation, lead is oxidized to PbO which is absorbed by the cupel, leading to metallic gold as a tiny bend at the bottom of the recipient. After cupellation, cupel becomes highly contaminated with lead, making its disposal a serious risk of environmental contamination. In the present work, a leaching process for removing lead from cupel waste is proposed, which allowed for removing 96% of PbO by weight. After a precipitation step, 92.0% of lead was recovered from leachates in the form of PbSO4. Lead in the solid wastes left by the extraction was above the limit established by Brazilian legislation and these were classified as non-hazardous. Finally, secondary effluents generated after the precipitation step presented lead content more than twenty times lower than that of leachates from cupel waste. Tons of cupel waste are annually generated from gold analysis by Pb-Fire assay. Thus, the proposed method can contribute to prevent the discharge of high amounts of lead into the environment. Also, recovery of lead can help to partially meet the industrial demand for lead compounds. en
dc.format pdf pt-BR
dc.language.iso eng pt-BR
dc.publisher Journal of Environmental Management pt-BR
dc.relation.ispartofseries v. 183, Part 3, p. 771-776, December 2016, pt-BR
dc.rights Elsevier Ltd. pt-BR
dc.subject Cupellation pt-BR
dc.subject Leaching pt-BR
dc.subject TCLP pt-BR
dc.subject Lead extraction pt-BR
dc.subject Lead recovery pt-BR
dc.title Recovering lead from cupel waste generated in gold analysis by Pb-Fire assay en
dc.type Artigo pt-BR

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    Artigos Técnico-científicos na área de Química

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