Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/19374
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Multiple mechanisms are involved in new imazamox-resistant varieties of durum and soft wheat
Autor(es): Domínguez-Mendez, Rafael
Cruz, Ricardo Alcántara-de la
Rojano-Delgado, Antonia M.
Fernández-Moreno, Pablo T.
Aponte, Raphael
Prado, Rafael De
Abstract: Weed control in wheat is one of the major goals of farmers in their efforts toward obtaining the highest crop yields for human foods. Several studies (dose-response, enzyme activity, absorption-translocation and metabolism) were conducted to characterize the resistance level of two new wheat cultivars called Rafalín (Triticum aestivum) and Antoñín (T. durum) that were obtained by conventional breeding based on Clearfield® technology; they are resistant (R) to imazamox compared to their sensitive (S) counterparts (Gazul and Simeto, respectively). The R-cultivars were 93.7-fold (Rafalín) and 43.7-fold (Antoñín) more resistant than their respective S-cultivars. The acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme activity revealed high resistance to imidazolinone (IMI) herbicides in R-cultivars, but no cross-resistance to other ALS herbicides was found. The Ser653Asn mutation that confers resistance to IMI herbicides was identified in the imi1 and imi2 genes of Rafalín and only in the imi1 gene of Antoñín. The 14C-imazamox absorption did not differ between the R- and S-cultivars. Imazamox was metabolized by Cyt-P450 into imazamox-hydroxyl and imazamox-glucoside in the R-cultivars, altering their translocation patterns. The differential sensitivity to imazamox between R-cultivars was due to the number of resistance genes that carry each genotype. The R-cultivars Rafalín and Antoñín could be excellent weed control tools.
Palavras-chave: Imazamox-resistance
Mechanisms involved
Durum and soft wheat
Editor: Scientific Reports
Tipo de Acesso: Open Access
URI: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-13874-3
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/19374
Data do documento: 3-Out-2017
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