Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/19495
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Toxicity of bovicin HC5 against mammalian cell lines and the role of cholesterol in bacteriocin activity
Autor(es): Paiva, Aline Dias
Oliveira, Michelle Dias de
Paula, Sérgio Oliveira de
Baracat-Pereira, Maria Cristina
Breukink, Eefjan
Mantovani, Hilário Cuquetto
Abstract: Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides produced by Bacteria and some Archaea. The assessment of the toxic potential of antimicrobial peptides is important in order to apply these peptides on an industrial scale. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro cytotoxic and haemolytic potential of bovicin HC5, as well as to determine whether cholesterol influences bacteriocin activity on model membranes. Nisin, for which the mechanism of action is well described, was used as a reference peptide in our assays. The viability of three distinct eukaryotic cell lines treated with bovicin HC5 or nisin was analysed by using the MTT assay and cellular morphological changes were determined by light microscopy. The haemolytic potential was evaluated by using the haemoglobin liberation assay and the role of cholesterol on bacteriocin activity was examined by using model membranes composed of DOPC (1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) and DPoPC (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine). The IC50 of bovicin HC5 and nisin against Vero cells was 65.42 and 13.48 µM, respectively. When the MTT assay was performed with MCF-7 and HepG2 cells, the IC50 obtained for bovicin HC5 was 279.39 and 289.30 µM, respectively, while for nisin these values were 105.46 and 112.25 µM. The haemolytic activity of bovicin HC5 against eukaryotic cells was always lower than that determined for nisin. The presence of cholesterol did not influence the activity of either bacteriocin on DOPC model membranes, but nisin showed reduced carboxyfluorescein leakage in DPoPC membranes containing cholesterol. In conclusion, bovicin HC5 only exerted cytotoxic effects at concentrations that were greater than the concentration needed for its biological activity, and the presence of cholesterol did not affect its interaction with model membranes.
Palavras-chave: Toxicity of bovicin HC5
Mammalian cell lines
Editor: Microbiology
Tipo de Acesso: SGM
URI: https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.062190-0
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/19495
Data do documento: 3-Set-2012
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