Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/20004
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Habitat quality of the woolly spider monkey (Brachyteles hypoxanthus)
Autor(es): Silva Júnior, Wilson Marcelo da
Meira-Neto, João Augusto Alves
Carmo, Flávia Maria da Silva
Melo, Fabiano Rodrigues de
Moreira, Leandro Santana
Barbosa, Elaine Ferreira
Dias, Luiz Gustavo
Peres, Carlos Augusto da Silva
Abstract: This study examines how habitat structure affects the home range use of a group of Brachyteles hypoxanthus in the Brigadeiro State Park, Brazil. It has been reported that most of the annual feeding time of woolly spider monkeys is spent eating leaves, but they prefer fruits when available. We hypothesise that the protein-to-fibre ratio (PF; best descriptor of habitat quality for folivorous primates) is a better descriptor of habitat quality and abundance for these primates than the structural attributes of forests (basal area is the best descriptor of habitat quality for frugivorous primates of Africa and Asia). We evaluated plant community structure, successional status, and PF of leaf samples from the dominant tree populations, both within the core and from a non-core area of the home range of our study group. Forest structure was a combination of stem density and basal area of dominant tree populations. The core area had larger trees, a higher forest basal area, and higher stem density than the non-core area. Mean PF did not differ significantly between these sites, although PF was influenced by differences in tree regeneration guilds. Large-bodied monkeys could be favoured by later successional stages of forests because larger trees and denser stems prevent the need for a higher expenditure of energy for locomotion as a consequence of vertical travel when the crowns of trees are disconnected in early successional forests. Forest structure variables (such as basal area of trees) driven by succession influence woolly spider monkey abundance in a fashion similar to frugivorous monkeys of Asia and Africa, and could explain marked differences in ranging behaviour and home range use by B. hypoxanthus.
Palavras-chave: Ranging ecology
Atelinae, conservation
Tropical forest, structure
Successional functional groups
Protein-to-fibre ratio
Editor: Folia Primatologica
Tipo de Acesso: Open Access
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000255651
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/20004
Data do documento: 3-Nov-2009
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