Lability and sorption of heavy metals as related to chemical, physical, and mineralogical characteristics of highly weathered soils

Show simple item record Fontes, Maurício Paulo Ferreira Santos, Guilherme Cadinelli dos 2018-10-31T18:38:29Z 2018-10-31T18:38:29Z 2009-11-20
dc.identifier.issn 16147480
dc.description.abstract Heavy metal lability, probably, is the most important isolated factor to cause toxicity in plants and organisms in soils. Sorption of heavy metals, in turn, affects directly the amount of their labile forms in soils. Therefore, to assess sorption and quantify labile forms of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, adsorption and incubation studies were carried out.The adsorption experiment consisted of a 12×5×10 factorial design with 12 samples, five metals, and ten doses. An incubation experiment and metal extraction by cationic exchange resin in membrane form, with capacity to exchange 2.80 molc kg−1 dry resin, were conducted in samples from A and B horizons of six highly weathered soils from Minas Gerais, Brazil.The data from the adsorption experiment was fitted to nonlinear Langmuir and Freündlich models to give the b and k constants, which were used in a correlation study with soil properties. Cationic resin was used to extract the labile metal forms of heavy metals, and low concentrations of the labile forms were determined for all metals and soils in all incubation times.Factors that influenced Langmuir maximum adsorption and Freündlich buffer capacity were pH and CEC, as chemical characteristics, and goethite or hematite contents, as mineralogical attributes. Negative charge density and hydrolyzed species formation may have been main factors related to maximum adsorption and buffer capacity for most heavy metals. Low contents of labile metal forms obtained by cationic resin extraction were attributed to high intensity of metal adsorption reaction onto soil colloids. Greatest lability was found in soils with mineralogy dominated by gibbsite and kaolinite, while lowest metal lability was determined in soils with higher hematite and goethite contents. Due to their specificities, tropical soils should have more research toward the understanding of the relationship soil vulnerability to heavy metals pollution and availability/lability of these important toxic substances in the environment. en
dc.format pdf pt-BR
dc.language.iso eng pt-BR
dc.publisher Journal of Soils and Sediments pt-BR
dc.relation.ispartofseries v. 10, n. 4, p. 774– 786, mai. 2010 pt-BR
dc.rights Springer-Verlag 2009 pt-BR
dc.subject Adsorption/desorption pt-BR
dc.subject Cationic exchange resin pt-BR
dc.subject Freündlich pt-BR
dc.subject Isotherms pt-BR
dc.subject Langmuir pt-BR
dc.subject Tropical soilsc pt-BR
dc.title Lability and sorption of heavy metals as related to chemical, physical, and mineralogical characteristics of highly weathered soils en
dc.type Artigo pt-BR

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    Artigos Técnico-científicos na área de Solos

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