Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/23613
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Mechanisms of phosphate solubilization by fungal isolates when exposed to different P sources
Autor(es): Mendes, Gilberto de Oliveira
Freitas, André Luiz Moreira de
Pereira, Olinto Liparini
Silva, Ivo Ribeiro da
Vassilev, Nikolay Bojkov
Costa, Maurício Dutra
Abstract: The use of phosphate-solubilizing fungi is a promising biotechnological strategy in the management of phosphorus (P) fertilization, as it enables the utilization of rock phosphates (RP) or the recovery of P fixed in soil particles. The objective of our study was to evaluate fungal isolates for mechanisms of solubilization of P-bearing compounds, such as AlPO4, FePO4, Ca3(PO4)2, Araxá RP, and Catalão RP. Four fungal isolates obtained from Brazilian soils were characterized in liquid media: Aspergillus niger FS1, Penicillium canescens FS23, Eupenicillium ludwigii FS27, and Penicillium islandicum FS30. A. niger FS1 was the only isolate able to solubilize all of the P sources, solubilizing 71, 36, 100, and 14 % of the P from AlPO4, FePO4, Ca3(PO4)2, and RPs, respectively. Medium acidification was an effective solubilization mechanism, particularly for Ca3(PO4)2. The other P sources were mainly solubilized through organic acids produced by the fungi. Oxalic acid, produced exclusively by A. niger FS1, and citric acid were decisive factors in the solubilization of AlPO4 and FePO4. Penicillium isolates produced more gluconic acid than A. niger FS1 in all treatments. However, this higher production did not result in higher solubilization for any of the P sources, showing that gluconic acid contributes little to the solubilization of the P sources evaluated. The higher capacity of medium acidification and the production of organic acids with stronger metal-complexation activity are characteristics that confer to A. niger FS1 a wider action on insoluble P sources. Consequently, this isolate qualifies as a promising candidate for application in the management of P fertilization.
Palavras-chave: Aspergillus niger
Filamentous fungi
Insoluble phosphates
Solubilization mechanisms
Phosphorus
Editor: Annals of Microbiology
Tipo de Acesso: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and the University of Milan 2013
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13213-013-0656-3
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/23613
Data do documento: Mar-2014
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