Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/29839
Tipo: Artigo
Título: Different N-fertilization sources affecting the native soil organic matter mineralization on Technosols under iron ore tailing
Autor(es): Oliveira, Paula Afonso de
Assis, Igor Rodrigues de
Dias, Luiz Eduardo
Silva, Ivo Ribeiro da
Barbosa, Gustavo Magalhães Nunes
Teixeira, Rafael da Silva
Campos, Rafaella
Abstract: Accidents related to the rupture of iron ore tailings dams have dramatically impacted on the Brazilian natural ecosystem. So, the development of strategies to recover soil organic matter levels and build-up Technosols are required. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of N-mineral and -organic fertilization and the rhizospheric effect on soil organic matter mineralization from Technosols built under iron ore tailings. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse; we used a factorial scheme 2 × 2 × 3: without and with the plant Crotalaria juncea; without and with mineral fertilization; and three different organic fertilization (without organic fertilization, sewage sludge, and household waste composting), with four randomized blocks. The experimental units were PVC columns installed with a top layer of iron ore tailing from a dam, where gases were sampled to determine the CO 2 -C, CH 4 -C concentrations, and CO 2 -δ 13 C. The organic fertilization promoted a positive priming effect of 184 %. However, with mineral fertilization, no effect was observed in soil derived-CO 2 -C accumulated and priming effect. Similarly to non-planted soil, the planted soils with mineral and organic fertilization promoted a steady reduction in soil derived-CO 2 -C accumulated and rhizosphere priming effect. The soil with mineral fertilization improved in 5.52 and 0.45 g per column the shoot and root dry matter of Crotalaria when compared to the soil without mineral fertilization. In summary, the organic fertilization in Technosols built over iron ore tailings dams during revegetation was not enough to ensure the plant development and preservation of soil organic matter. However, the combination of mineral and organic fertilization promoted negative rhizosphere priming effect and a significant increase in plant biomass.
Palavras-chave: priming effect
CO 2 -C emissions
sewage sludge
household waste composting
Crotalaria juncea
Editor: Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Citação: Oliveira PA, Assis IR, Dias LE, Silva IR, Barbosa GMN, Teixeira RS, Campos R. Different N-fertilization sources affecting the native soil organic matter mineralization on Technosols under iron ore tailing. Rev Bras Cienc Solo. 2021;45:e0200088.
Tipo de Acesso: Creative Commons Attribution License
URI: https://locus.ufv.br//handle/123456789/29839
Data do documento: 7-Out-2020
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