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Tipo: Artigo
Título: Morpho-histological, histochemical, and molecular evidences related to cellular reprogramming during somatic embryogenesis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon
Autor(es): Oliveira, Evelyn Jardim
Koehler, Andréa Dias
Rocha, Diego Ismael
Vieira, Lorena Melo
Pinheiro, Marcos Vinícius Marques
Matos, Elyabe Monteiro de
Cruz, Ana Claudia Ferreira da
Silva, Thais Cristina Ribeiro da
Tanaka, Francisco André Ossamu
Nogueira, Fabio Tebaldi Silveira
Otoni, Wagner Campos
Abstract: The wild grass species Brachypodium distachyon (L.) has been proposed as a new model for temperate grasses. Among the biotechnological tools already developed for the species, an efficient induction protocol of somatic embryogenesis (SE) using immature zygotic embryos has provided the basis for genetic transformation studies. However, a systematic work to better understanding the basic cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie the SE process of this grass species is still missing. Here, we present new insights at the morpho-histological, histochemical, and molecular aspects of B. distachyon SE pathway. Somatic embryos arose from embryogenic callus formed by cells derived from the protodermal-dividing cells of the scutellum. These protodermal cells showed typical meristematic features and high protein accumulation which were interpreted as the first observable steps towards the acquisition of a competent state. Starch content decreased along embryogenic callus differentiation supporting the idea that carbohydrate reserves are essential to morphogenetic processes. Interestingly, starch accumulation was also observed at late stages of SE process. Searches in databanks revealed three sequences available annotated as BdSERK, being two copies corresponding to SERK1 and one showing greater identity to SERK2. In silico analysis confirmed the presence of characteristic domains in a B. distachyon Somatic Embryogenesis Receptor Kinase genes candidates (BdSERKs), which suggests SERK functions are conserved in B. distachyon. In situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of transcripts of BdSERK1 in all development since globular until scutellar stages. The results reported in this study convey important information about the morphogenetic events in the embryogenic pathway which has been lacking in B. distachyon. This study also demonstrates that B. distachyon provides a useful model system for investigating the genetic regulation of SE in grass species.
Palavras-chave: Cellular competency
In situ hybridization
SERK genes
Somatic embryogenesis
Editor: Protoplasma
Tipo de Acesso: Springer-Verlag Wien
Data do documento: 13-Fev-2017
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